Michael Breitung Photography


Which GND Filters to buy and how to use them

When I bought my first Graduated Neutral Density Filters more than seven years ago I had no idea which filters to buy. There are 1-stop (0.3), 2-stop (0.6), 3-stop (0.9) and even 4-stop (1.2) filters. And those are available as hard, soft, medium and reverse versions.

Such filters are expensive and, if I had believed some online resources, I would have had to buy a complete series of filters to be able to deal with all the different lighting situations.

Which GND Filters to buy

The first filter I bought though was a 0.6 hard GND. And it was a good start and didn’t leave too big of a hole in my wallet. But for many situations it wasn’t enough – especially for those where I photographed into the direction of the rising or setting sun.

In addition the hard grad is not ideal for mountainous terrain or in general for scenes where the horizon isn’t flat. So I saved up a bit more money and bought a 0.9 hard GND for those scenes with the sun in the frame and also a 0.6 soft GND. At some point I even bought a 0.6 reverse Grad because I thought I needed it.

Layers of mountians in the Palatinate Forest in soft morning light

Over the years I have become very experience with those filters. And my arsenal has not grown bigger, instead I reduced the number of GNDs I use to two: the 0.6 hard GND and the 0.6 soft GND. Those two filters are, in my opinion, the most versatile filter set.

How to use GND Filters

I can use either of the two on their own, or, if the light demands it, I can combine them. And I find the combination of a hard grad with a soft grad gives much better results than using a single 3 or 4-stop filter.

In the video below I explain how I decide which of the filters to use and how I combine them.

As you can see it is very easy to use GND filters. There’s no need to do complicated measurements of the light in the foreground and the light in the sky and then deciding which filter to use. The only decision I have to make is which filter to apply first and this happens based on the nature of the horizon. Then this filter is either enough or I add the other one.

And since I’m shooting with a digital camera I don’t need to get the perfect exposure in one frame. I use GND filters to get me as close as possible to it, but for the best result I often use bracketing in addition to filters.

Some people might argue that, if I use bracketing, I wouldn’t have to use filters at all. But I can get much cleaner results when I only have to apply exposure blending to very specific areas of the photo and the use of GND filters helps me to get the right starting material.

Which brand I use

To conclude this article, I also want to share with you the filter brand I’m currently using. Because in addition to all the filter options I talked about above, you now also can choose from many different brands. Seven years ago this was much easier. There were only three major brands available.

But the new diversity in this field has many advantages, because now there’s a lot of innovation. Just recently I switched from the well established Lee Filter brand to Kase. Kase is still quite a new player in this field. But as I browsed through their products and watched the videos about those filters, which I found on Youtube, I was very intrigued. I decided to give them a try and since then have never looked back. Below you can see my first impressions video.

In the past months I have used the filters a lot. I had them on a trip to the Seychelles, where I photographed in various lighting and weather conditions. And the filters held up perfectly. I will soon do full review video about them.

Till then I hope this article and the videos helped a bit to demystify the GND filters jungle and showed that you don’t need to break your bank to get into the filters game. You can start with a holder and one GND as I did, and then add a second one and maybe a ND filter. Then you’ll be flexible enough for most photo shoots.

My Photography Equipment